Roman Gladius – Pompeii Type
This sword is a reproduction of a gladius which were used by the legions of Rome from approximately the 2nd century BC until the early 3rd century AD.
The gladius was a short stabbing sword used for cutting and thrusting when fighting in tight infantry shield wall formations where the ability to swing/wield a longer blade were limited. The Roman legionnaire used the gladius to great effect to stab under and around opponents shields.
The gladius is believed to have originated in Iberia from the countries of modern Spain and Portugal and was adopted by Rome after Punic Wars of the 3rd century BCE when it was used by Iberian tribes fighting as mercenaries and allies of the Carthaginians. In addition to legionaries, the Roman gladius was also used by gladiators in the colosseum.
The Romans produced several designs of gladius, the three mains styles of which are the Mainz, Fulham, and Pompeii.
This sword is a Pompeii gladius which was the most popular among the three types of gladius. The Pompeii style is identified by its parallel double-edged cutting blade and triangular tip and was named by historians after the Roman town of Pompeii.
This sword includes a leather scabbard with wooden core and decorative brass castings. The grip, hilt and pommel are made from wood
Please note this is a decorative sword and not suited to re-enactment combat.
The sword measures
- Full length of the sword in the scabbard: 89.5cm
- Scabbard length 68cm
- Full sword length 78cm
- Blade Length : 57cm
- Blade width 4.8cm
- Total weight 1.6kg
- Approximate Weight of Sword : 860 grams